Physical Therapy Korea
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Effect sizes by outcome measure

Outomce N Effect size 95% confidenceinterval Standard error
Pain 13 1.045 0.491 to 1.599 0.283
Endurance 6 0.966 –0.150 to 2.081 0.569
Longus collimuscle 2 0.894 0.469 to 1.319 0.217
SCM 3 0.608 –0.963 to 2.179 0.801
CVA 7 0.487 –0.410 to 1.383 0.457
NDI 16 0.409 0.018 to 0.799 0.199
CROM 5 0.252 –0.401 to 0.906 0.334
X-ray 5 –0.070 –0.881 to 0.740 0.414
Strength 2 –0.711 –1.198 to –0.224 0.248
HDI 3 –0.090 –2.261 to 2.081 1.108

SCM, sternocleidomastoid muscle; CVA, craniovertebral angle; NDI, neck disability Index; CROM, cervical range of motion; HDI, headache disability index; N, number of studies.

Phys. Ther. Korea 2021;28:18~26 https://doi.org/10.12674/ptk.2021.28.1.18
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