pISSN 2288-6982
eISSN 2288-7105




Phys. Ther. Korea 2020; 27(3): 185-190

Published online August 20, 2020

© Korean Research Society of Physical Therapy

뒤로 걷기 운동과 언어 지시가 20대 대학생들의 앞쪽 머리 자세에 미치는 즉각적인 효과

박한규1, 김태호2, 김동우3

1동주대학교 물리치료과, 2대구대학교 재활과학대학 물리치료학과, 3대구대학교 대학원 재활과학과

The Immediate Effect of the Backward Walking Exercise and Verbal Command on the Forward Head Posture of College Students in their 20s

Han-kyu Park1 , PT, PhD, Tae-ho Kim2 , PT, PhD, Dong-woo Kim3 , PT, PhD

1Department of Physical Therapy, Dong-ju College, Busan, 2Department of Physical Therapy, College of Rehabilitation Science, Daegu University, 3Department of Rehabilitation Science, Graduate School, Daegu University, Gyeongsan, Korea

Correspondence to: Tae-ho Kim

Received: June 28, 2020; Revised: July 15, 2020; Accepted: July 22, 2020

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License ( permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Background: Backward walking exercise may offer some unique and potentially beneficial differences compared with forward walking exercise. There is still a lack of research on backward walking exercises and forward head posture.
Objects: The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of backward walking exercise on college students forward head posture in their 20s.
Methods: Twenty-one subjects participated in the experiment. The subjects were those with a craniovertebral angle (CVA) of 55 degrees or less who understood the purpose and method of this study and voluntarily agreed. A camera capable of taking pictures of the lateral plane was installed at a distance of 1.5 meters before exercising. Pictures were taken before walking backward, and after walking for 15 minutes on the treadmill, the images were taken in the same way. The composition of the backward walking exercise was walking at a rate of 1.0 for 5 minutes, and the remaining 10 minutes were walking at a rate of 1.5. Wilcoxon signed rank test was used to compare CVA and craniorotational angle (CRA) before and after exercise.
Results: As a result of this study, there was a significant difference in CVA before and after exercise (p < 0.05). There was a significant difference in CRA before and after exercise (p < 0.05).
Conclusion: The backward walking exercise and verbal command seems to have positively influenced the changes in CVA and CRA among college students in their 20s. It seems that studies to confirm balance or muscle activity as well as changes in forward head posture through the long-term intervention of the backward walking exercise should be conducted.

Keywords: Backward walking, Craniorotational angle, Craniovertebral angle, Forward head posture