Physical Therapy Korea
pISSN 1225-8962 eISSN 2287-982X

Comparison of the thickness of MT and RH according to the exercise methods

Variables Resting HAB Ext ExRot ExY F (p)
MT Male (n = 10) 6.61 ± 2.02 10.47 ± 3.21a 7.77 ± 2.01b 9.62 ± 3.42 12.37 ± 3.45a,c 4.773*
Female (n = 14) 4.49 ± 1.36 6.61 ± 1.85a 4.83 ± 1.73b 6.58 ± 1.78a,c 7.10 ± 2.40a,c 12.505**
t 2.880* 3.417** 3.831** 2.570* 4.419**
RH Male (n = 10) 8.87 ± 3.49 15.85 ± 3.95a 11.98 ± 3.25b 14.33 ± 5.65 16.23 ± 5.39a 3.669
Female (n = 14) 5.47 ± 1.64 9.84 ± 3.60a 7.22 ± 2.71b 9.76 ± 3.01a 12.07 ± 4.18a,c 12.864**
t 2.870* 3.878** 3.973** 2.131* 2.571*
MT/RH ratio 0.83 ± 0.22 0.70 ± 0.19 0.70 ± 0.25 0.72 ± 0.25 0.71 ± 0.26 1.549

Values are presented mean ± standard deviation (mm). MT, middle trapezius; RH, rhomboid major; HAB, shoulder horizontal abduction; Ext, shoulder extension; ExRot, shoulder external rotation; ExY, extension with Y. aThere is a significant difference from resting. bThere is a significant difference from HAB. cThere is a significant difference from Ext. *p < 0.05, **p < 0.01.

Phys. Ther. Korea 2022;29:131~139 https://doi.org/10.12674/ptk.2022.29.2.131
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