Physical Therapy Korea
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Changes in the activation ratios of the upper-extremity muscles in the Ueda group

Before (n = 14) After (n = 14) t p-value d


Mean ± SD 95% CI Mean ± SD 95% CI
Reach 1
Ant.Del 0.36 ± 0.12 0.30–0.42 0.31 ± 0.07 0.27–0.35 2.301 0.040 –0.509
Reach 2
Ant.Del 0.38 ± 0.12 0.32–0.44 0.31 ± 0.08 0.27–0.35 2.818 0.016 –0.686
Reach 3
Ant.Del 0.31 ± 0.10 0.26–0.36 0.23 ± 0.07 0.19–0.27 3.098 0.009 –0.927
Reach 4
Ant.Del 0.35 ± 0.11 0.29–0.41 0.29 ± 0.07 0.25–0.33 2.267 0.043 –0.651

Mean ± SD, mean ± standard deviation; CI, confidence interval; Ant.Del, anterior deltoid.

Phys. Ther. Korea 2022;29:147~155 https://doi.org/10.12674/ptk.2022.29.2.147
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