Physical Therapy Korea
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Effect of exercise on balance (studies using questionnaires)

Articles Class of evidence Interventions Outcomes Improve
Frih et al., 2018 [25] 1 Endurance-resistance exercise ABC Yes
Smulders et al., 2010 [37] 1 Nijmegen fall prevention program ABC Yes
Szturm et al., 2011 [8] 1 Interactive computer game ABC Yes
Zhang et al., 2014 [34] 1 Whole body vibration ABC Yes
Jorgensen et al., 2013 [10] 1 Nintendo Wii FES Yes
Lai et al., 2013 [27] 1 Interactive video game FES Yes
Li et al., 2018 [29] 1 Visual feedback-based training with functionalelectric stimulation FES Yes
Pollock et al., 2012 [31] 1 Whole body vibration FES Yes
van Ooijen et al., 2016 [18] 1 Projected visual context treadmill Fear of falling Yes
Giné-Garriga et al., 2013 [38] 1 Functional circuit training Fear of falling Yes
Sihvonen et al., 2004 [39] 1 Visual feedback-based balance training Fear of falling Yes
Wolf et al., 1996 [40] 1 Tai Chi Fear of falling Yes
Zeeuwe et al., 2006 [41] 1 Tai Chi Fear of falling Yes
Cyarto et al., 2008 [7] 1 Group exercise ABC No
Hale et al., 2012 [35] 1 Water-based exercise ABC No
Kurz et al., 2016 [3] 1 Unexpected perturbations training FES No
Barnett et al., 2003 [9] 1 Group exercise Fear of falling No
Wolf et al., 2001 [19] 1 Physical therapeutic intervention Fear of falling No
Miller et al., 2010 [42] 3 Home-based exercise program FES Yes
Groen et al., 2010 [43] 3 Martial arts Fear of falling Yes

ABC, activities-specific balance confidence scale; FES, fall efficacy scale.

Phys. Ther. Korea 2021;28:1~12 https://doi.org/10.12674/ptk.2021.28.1.1
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