Physical Therapy Korea
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Types of long-term care or support required in Japan

Type Indicative condition (during 48 h)a
Support Required 1 The person can rise, walk, and perform most other essential daily life activities by himself/herself. However, the person needs some support for task-based activities in daily life, including cooking, shopping and taking oral medicine (25 ≤ min < 32).
Support Required 2 The person’s ability to handle task-based activities in daily life is slightly lower than that of individuals in the Support Required 1 category, and he/she needs more support (32 ≤ min < 50).
Care Level 1 The person faces difficulty in performing essential daily life activities by himself/herself. The person’s ability to handle task-based activities in daily life is lower than that of individuals in the Support Required 2 category (32 ≤ min < 50).
Care Level 2 The person is in a state similar to that detailed under Care Level 1, but requires more care to be able to perform essential daily life activities (50 ≤ min < 70).
Care Level 3 Compared with state of Care Level 2, the person’s abilities to perform essential daily life activities and task-based activities are significantly lower. As a result, he/she requires almost constant care (70 ≤ min < 90).
Care Level 4 The person is in a state similar to that detailed under Care Level 3, but his/her ability to act is lower. As a result, he/she faces difficulty living without constant care (90 ≤ min < 110).
Care Level 5 The person’s ability to act is even lower than that of individuals in the Care Level 4 category. As a result, he/she requires almost constant care to live (min ≤ 110).

aStandard hour of need for long-term care was obtained through tree analysis using the results of 74 long-term care accreditation items to evaluate a person’s mental and physical condition. Adapted from ‘Guidebook for long-term care insurance’ of Shinjuku City Long-Term Care Insurance Division (2018) [26].

Phys. Ther. Korea 2022;29:94~105 https://doi.org/10.12674/ptk.2022.29.2.94
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